December 21, 2014

Public Domain Citation Format Proposed for Colorado Supreme and Appeals Court Published Opinions

The Colorado Supreme Court is requesting written public comments by any interested person on a Proposal to Adopt a Public Domain Citation Format For Colorado Supreme Court and Court of Appeals Published Opinions.

Given the increasing amount of legal research being conducted via the internet and other electronic resources and the desire to promote equal access to Colorado’s system of justice, the Colorado Supreme Court and the Colorado Court of Appeals are proposing to adopt a public domain citation format that will support the use of Colorado case law in both book and electronic formats.

It is proposed that beginning January 1, 2012, the Clerk of the Colorado Supreme Court and the Clerk of the Colorado Court of Appeals shall assign to all opinions announced for publication a citation that shall include:

  1. The calendar year in which the opinion is announced;
  2. Followed by the Colorado U.S. Postal Code “CO” for opinions issued by the Colorado Supreme Court, or followed by the Colorado U.S. Postal Code “CO” and the abbreviation “App.” for published opinions announcedby the Court of Appeals; and
  3. Followed by a consecutive Arabic numeral, beginning in each new calendar year with the number “1”; for example: “2012 CO 1” for the first opinion announced by the Colorado Supreme Court in 2012, and “2012 CO App. 1” for the first published opinion announced by the Colorado Court of Appeals in 2012.

This public domain citation shall appear on the title page of each published opinion announced by the Court and by the Court of Appeals. All publishers of Colorado Supreme Court and Colorado Court of Appeals materials are requested to include this public domain citation within the heading of each opinion they publish.

Opinions that are not designated for official publication by the Court of Appeals will  not be assigned a public domain citation.

Proper Bluebook public domain citations would appear as follows:

  • Colorado Supreme Court:
  • Primary citation:
    • Smith v. Jones, 2012 CO 22, 989 P.3d 1312.
  • Primary citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Smith v. Jones, 2012 CO 22, ¶¶ 13–14, 989 P.3d 1312, 1314.
  • Subsequent citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Smith, ¶¶ 13–14, 989 P.3d at 1314.
  • Id. citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Id. at ¶¶ 13–14,1314.
  • Colorado Court of Appeals:
  • Primary citation:
    • Jones v. Smith, 2012 CO App. 35, 634 P.3d 125.
  • Primary citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Jones v. Smith, 2012 CO App. 35, ¶¶ 44–45, 634 P.3d 125, 128.
  • Subsequent citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Jones, ¶¶44–45, 634 P.3d at 128.
  • Id. citation with pinpoint citation:
    • Id. at ¶¶44–45, 128.

Click here for further information about the new citation style, including how to cite modified opinions and withdrawn opinions.

An original plus eight copies of written comments concerning this proposal should be submitted to the Clerk of the Colorado Supreme Court, Christopher T. Ryan, 101 W. Colfax Ave., Suite 800, Denver, Colorado 80202, no later than Monday, December 12, 2011, by 5:00 pm.

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