February 13, 2016

Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure Amended in Rule Change 2016(01)

On Thursday, February 4, 2016, the Colorado Supreme Court posted Rule Change 2016(01), adopted January 29, 2016. The rule change affects several of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure, and there are various effective dates for the changes.

C.R.C.P. 10 was changed to specify that footnotes should be in 12 point font and motions should be double-spaced. The comment to § 1-12 of Rule 121 was changed to include oral discovery in its scope. Rule 121, § 1-15, was revised significantly, changing several of the specifications for word and page limits of motions and addressing when the court should rule on motions. The comment to § 1-15 was also changed to explain some of the revisions. The changes to Rule 10 and §§ 1-12 and 1-15 of Rule 121 apply to motions filed on or after April 1, 2016.

C.R.C.P. 23, “Class Actions,” was amended by the addition of a new subsection (g), dealing with residual funds left after class action settlements. The changes to Rule 23 are effective for all class settlements approved by the court on or after July 1, 2016.

Rules 103 and 403 dealing with garnishments in district and county court were amended to provide that for pro se judgment creditors, indebtedness must be paid into the registry of the court, whereas judgment creditors represented by attorneys and collection agencies may receive funds directly. The Writ of Garnishment form was amended accordingly. These changes are effective March 1, 2016.

The amendment to Rule 359, “New Trials; Amendment of Judgments,” changed the deadline for appeal from 21 days to 14 days. The change is effective April 1, 2016.

Finally, Form 35.1, “Mandatory Disclosure,” was changed significantly. Most of the changes clarified required disclosures when a decree has been filed, specifying that only documents filed or prepared since the entry of the decree need be disclosed. These changes are effective April 1, 2016.

For all of the Colorado Supreme Court’s adopted and proposed rule changes, click here.

Changes to 10th Circuit Local Rules and Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure Posted

The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals has posted changes to its local rules and the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, which will take effect January 1, 2016. The changes to the Tenth Circuit Local Rules are outlined in a memo, which is available here. A redline of the changes to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, including the corresponding Tenth Circuit Local Rules, is available here.

The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure are also changing, effective December 1, 2015. The most significant change in the new Rules is that the scope of discovery is changing, as outlined below:

Rule 26.   Duty to Disclose; General Provisions Governing Discovery

(b)    Discovery Scope and Limits.

(1)    Scope in General.  Unless otherwise limited by court order, the scope of discovery is as follows: Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party’s claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case, considering the importance of the issues at stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant information, the parties’ resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit.  Information within this scope of discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be discoverable.— including the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any documents or other tangible things and the identity and location of persons who know of any discoverable matter. For good cause, the court may order discovery of any matter relevant to the subject matter involved in the action. Relevant information need not be admissible at the trial if the discovery appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. All discovery is subject to the limitations imposed by Rule 26(b)(2)(C).

A redline of the proposed changes to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is available here.

Colorado Appellate Rules and Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure Amended by Colorado Supreme Court

On Tuesday, November 3, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court issued Rule Change 2015(09) and Rule Change 2015(10). Rule Change 2015(09) amends Rules 36, 37, 38, and 39 of the Colorado Appellate Rules. Rule Change 2015(10) amends Rule 17 of the Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure.

The changes to the Colorado Appellate Rules are extensive. Much of the text of Rule 36, “Entry and Service of Judgment,” was deleted, and the comment notes that the rule was amended for brevity and to conform to the current practice of the courts. The changes to Rule 37, “Interest on Judgments,” are relatively minor, changing syntax and clarifying instructions. Rule 38, “Sanctions,” was significantly amended, and a 2015 comment was added. The comment notes that prior subsections (b), (c), and (e) of the rule were deleted and the relevant portions thereof were added to subsection (a), and prior subsection (d) was renumbered. The comment further clarifies that the statement in former subsection (b) about the court dispensing with oral argument was deleted because it is always within the court’s discretion to dispense with oral argument. Rule 39, “Costs,” also underwent significant revisions and now contains a 2015 comment. The comment to Rule 39 notes that the rule was changed, in part, to be consistent with Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 39, which governs costs. The comment further clarifies that the changes shift responsibility for taxing costs from the appellate courts to the trial courts, which reflects the current practice of the courts. The comment outlines specific numbering changes to Rule 39.

The changes to Crim. P. 17, “Subpoena,” are relatively minor, adding electronic signatures to acceptable methods of waiver of service.

For a redline of Rule Change 2015(09), click here. For a redline of Rule Change 2015(10), click here. For all of the Colorado Supreme Court’s adopted and proposed rule changes, click here.

Rule Change 2015(08) Amends Chapter 38, “Public Access to Information and Records”

On Friday, October 30, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court announced Rule Change 2015(08), amending Chapter 38 of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure, “Public Access to Information and Records.” The changes amended the title of the rules from “Public Access to Records and Information” and added an extensive new Rule 2, “Public Access to Administrative Records of the Judicial Branch.” The rule follows the Colorado Open Records Act (CORA) but is not identical, and the introductory paragraph to Rule 2 states, “Many of the rule’s deviations from CORA reflect simple changes to language and streamlined organization of the rule for clarity and to better serve the public. Other, substantive deviations from CORA reflect the unique nature of the records and operations of the Judicial Branch. These changes are addressed in comments throughout the rule. The rule pertains only to administrative records and does not contemplate or control access to court records.” The previously numbered Rule 2 was renumbered as Rule 3 but suffered no other amendments.

For the text of the new rule, click here. For all of the Colorado Supreme Court’s adopted and proposed rule changes, click here.

Rule Change 2015(07) Amends Pro Hac Vice Rules

On Friday, September 11, 2015, the Colorado State Judicial Branch announced Rule Change 2015(07), effective September 9, 2015. The rule change affects C.R.C.P. 121, §§ 1-2 and 1-26, and Rule 305.5 of the Colorado Rules of County Court Civil Procedure. The changes are minor, generally changing references to out-of-state or foreign attorneys and reflecting that foreign attorneys may be admitted under Rules 205.3 or 205.5 of the Rules Governing Admission to the Bar (C.R.C.P. Chapter 18). For a redline of the changes, click here.

Colorado Appellate Rules Amended by Colorado Supreme Court

On June 25, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court issued Rule Change 2015(06), amending the Colorado Appellate Rules, effective immediately. The changes are extensive.

The changes to Rule 28, “Briefs,” include changes to formatting requirements for briefs and the deletion of some subsections. Former subsection (h) from Rule 28 was expanded into new Rule 28.1, “Briefs in Cases Involving Cross-Appeals.” Rule 29, “Brief of an Amicus Curiae,” received new subsections regarding content and form of briefs and length. Rule 31, “Serving and Filing Briefs,” added a subsection regarding consequences for failure to file and deleted subsections about the number of copies to be served in the supreme court and court of appeals. Rule 32, “Form of Briefs and Appellate Documents,” was also substantially amended, including changes to the captioning requirements. Finally, Rule 34, “Oral Argument,” was amended to specify that oral argument may be allowed at the discretion of the court. The changes to Forms 6 and 6A include certifications that the briefs conform to word and page limits in Rule 28, and the changes to Forms 7 and 7A set forth example captions for use in appellate briefs.

A redline of Rule Change 2015(06) is available here.

Changes Announced to Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure and Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure

Colorado Court SealOn Monday, June 1, 2015, the Colorado State Judicial Branch released Rule Change 2015(04) and Rule Change 2015(05). Rule Change 2015(04) amends Rule 32, “Sentence and Judgment,” of the Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure. The changes are significant and amend many procedural aspects of sentencing. The changes were adopted and effective May 22, 2015.

Rule Change 2015(05) amends the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure. The changes are extensive and mirror the changes to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. According to the new Comment to Rule 1, “The 2015 amendments are the next step in a wave of reform literally sweeping the nation. This reform movement aims to create a significant change in the existing culture of pretrial discovery with the goal of emphasizing and enforcing Rule 1’s mandate that discovery be administered to make litigation just, speedy, and inexpensive. One of the primary movers of this reform effort is a realization that the cost and delays of the existing litigation process is denying meaningful access to the judicial system for many people.” The rule change also added a new form, JDF 622, “Proposed Case Management Order.” The changes were adopted by the Colorado Supreme Court on May 28, 2015, and are effective July 1, 2015, for cases filed on or after July 1, 2015.

On Thursday, June 25, 2015, CLE will host a program to discuss the new rule changes and what they will mean for Colorado attorneys. Richard Holme, Hon. Thomas Kane, and Hon. Michael Berger will discuss the new rules and their significance. Don’t miss this important opportunity to learn about the requirements of the new Rules.

NEW Rules of Civil Procedure in Colorado: Effective July 1, 2015

To register for the live program, click here. To register for the webcast, click here. To register for the video replay on July 17, click here.

Can’t make the live program? Order the homestudy here — CDMP3Video OnDemand

Minor Change to Colo. R. Crim. P. 44 Announced

On Thursday, March 26, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court announced Rule Change 2015(03), which amended Rule 44 of the Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure. The change affects subsection (a) of the rule, and the only change was to update a cross-reference from C.R.C.P. 226 to C.R.C.P. 205.7. For a redline of the rule change, click here.

Rules from Chapters 18 and 20 of Colorado Rules for Civil Procedure Amended

On January 14, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court adopted Rule Change 2015(02), amending Rules 205.3, 205.5, 205.6, 224, and 227 of Chapter 18 of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure, and amending Rules 251.1, 260.2, and 260.6 of Chapter 20 of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure.

The change to Rule 205.3, “Pro Hac Vice Authority Before State Courts — Out-of-State Attorney,” updated the reference in subparagraph (7) to Colo. RPC 1.15A through E. Rules 205.5, “Pro Hac Vice – Foreign Attorney,” and 205.6, “Practice Pending Admission,” were similarly updated to cite to Colo. RPC 1.15A through E. The updates to Rule 227 were also minor, changing the reference in subparagraph (2)(a)(4) to Colo. RPC 1.15B and updating citations in the Comment to the “Regstration Fee of Non-Attorney Judges” section of the rule.

In Rule 224, “Provision of Legal Services Following Determination of a Major Disaster,” subparagraphs (2) and (3) were amended to change citations from C.R.C.P. 220(1)(a) and (b) to C.R.C.P. 205.1(a) and (b), and from C.R.C.P. 220 to C.R.C.P. 205.1; citations in subparagraphs (5)(a) and (b) were updated from C.R.C.P. 221 and 221.1 to C.R.C.P. 205.3 and 205.4; and subparagraph (6) was amended to change the citation from C.R.C.P. 220(3) to 205.1(3) and add a citation to Colo. RPC 8.5.

Citations were also updated in Rules 251.1, 260.2, and 260.6. Rule 251.1, “Discipline and Disability; Policy — Jurisdiction,” was changed to reference Rules 204 and 205 instead of Rules 220, 221, and 222. Subsection (4) of Rule 260.2, “CLE Requirements,” was amended to clarify that the subsection was repealed and replaced by C.R.C.P. 203.2(6), 203.3(4), and 203.4(6). Citations in subsections (5)(a) and (6) of Rule 260.6, “Compliance,” were also amended, updating references from Rule 201.14 to Rules 203.2(6), 203.3(4), and 203.4(6).

Click here for the Colorado Supreme Court’s 2015 rules changes.

Colorado Appellate Rules Amended in First Rule Change of 2015

On Wednesday, January 7, 2015, the Colorado Supreme Court announced Rule Change 2015(01), amending the Colorado Appellate Rules. Three rules were affected by this rule change: Rule 8, “Stay or Injunction Pending Appeal,” Rule 27, “Motions,” and Rule 33, “Prehearing Conference.”

The changes to Rule 8 are extensive, and include subdivision of various subparagraphs into further subparagraphs, many changes of procedural language, and changing “shall” to “must” in many instances. The changes to Rule 27 are similarly extensive, again adding subparagraphs and changing significant amounts of the language. Rule 33 was repealed in its entirety.

A redline of these changes is available here:

2015(01) redline

The Colorado Supreme Court adopted and proposed rule change page is available here.

Electronic Filing and Service Rule of Criminal Procedure Updated

On December 29, 2014, the Colorado Supreme Court approved and adopted Rule Change 2014(17), amending the Colorado Rules of Criminal Procedure. Rule Change 2014(17) amended C.R. Crim. P. 49.5, “Electronic Filing and Service System.” The changes were minor, including updating the web address for the e-filing system, changing capitalization and punctuation, and moving the rule about nunc pro tunc orders. The rule change also added a Committee Comment. A redline of the changes is available here.

For all of State Judicial’s adopted and proposed rule changes, click here.

Colorado Rules of Judicial Discipline Amended by Colorado Supreme Court

On Friday, December 12, 2014, the Colorado Supreme Court announced Rule Change 2014(16), amending the Colorado Rules of Judicial Discipline. The rule change was adopted and effective December 10, 2014.

The rule changes were extensive and covered many of the rules. Significant changes were made to the rules regarding review of complaints, investigation, determination, statement of charges, and many others. For a redline of the changes, click here.