The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in Kazadi v. People on Thursday, November 20, 2012.
Criminal Law—Post-Conviction Review—Crim.P. 35(c) and 32(d)—Deferred Judgment—CRS § 18-1.3-102—Withdrawal of Guilty Plea—Ineffective Assistance of Counsel.
In this appeal, petitioner Yanick Kazadi, a legal permanent resident born in the Congo, sought Crim.P. 35(c) post-conviction review of his felony plea leading to a deferred judgment. Kazadi claimed ineffective assistance of counsel for counsel’s failure to notify him of possible deportation consequences for pleading guilty to obtain a deferred judgment and sentence.
The Supreme Court affirmed the ruling of the court of appeals, holding that Kazadi may not seek review of his deferred judgment and sentence under Crim.P. 35(c) while in the deferred judgment period because, in a deferred judgment situation, there has not been a judgment of conviction that makes Crim.P. 35(c) review available. Kazadi may, alternatively, seek to withdraw his guilty plea under Crim.P. 32(d). This rule allows a defendant to move to withdraw a guilty plea before sentence is imposed. In the unique situation of a deferred judgment, the defendant’s case is continued and there is no imposition of sentence and entry of judgment while the deferred judgment is in effect. Therefore, Kazadi may seek to withdraw his guilty plea pursuant to Crim.P. 32(d) for a “fair and just reason.”
Summary and full case available here.