April 20, 2019

Archives for April 3, 2015

Appropriations, Adoption Records, Crime Victim Compensation, and More Bills Signed

On Monday, March 30, 2015, Governor Hickenlooper signed 11 bills into law. To date, he has signed 89 bills in this 2015 legislative session. The bills signed Monday are summarized here.

  • SB 15-191 – Concerning Payment of Expenses of the Legislative Department, by Sens. Mark Scheffel & Morgan Carroll and Reps. Crisanta Duran & Brian DelGrosso. This is the appropriations bill, setting the budget for the 2015-16 state fiscal year.
  • HB 15-1254 – Concerning the Elimination of the General Appropriations Act Limitation in the Definition of “Total Governing Board Appropriation” for the Treatment of Higher Education Appropriations, by Rep. Millie Hamner and Sen. Kent Lambert. The bill clarifies the definition of “Total Governing Board Appropriation” used in the description of higher education funding formulas.
  • HB 15-1188 – Concerning Clarifications to the State Vocational Rehabilitation Program, by Reps. Su Ryden & Dianne Primavera and Sen. Tim Neville. The bill makes several changes to the state vocational rehab program for persons with disabilities.
  • HB 15-1106 – Concerning the Clarification of Access by Eligible Persons to Unredacted Adoption Records that Contain Identifying Information, by Rep. Lori Saine and Sen. Jerry Sonnenberg. The bill clarifies that persons who are able to request and receive certain adoption records under the law may receive unredacted versions of those records.
  • HB 15-1035 – Concerning Changes to Crime Victim Compensation, by Rep. Rhonda Fields and Sen. John Cooke. The bill makes several changes to the crime victim compensation program.
  • HB 15-1004 – Concerning Authorization for Firefighter License Plates to be Issued for Motorcycles and, in Connection Therewith, Making an Appropriation, by Rep. Max Tyler and Sen. Nancy Todd. The bill creates a special firefighter license plate for motorcycles.
  • HB 15-1031 – Concerning a Ban on Powdered Alcohol, by Rep. JoAnn Windholz and Sen. Nancy Todd. The bill prohibits the use, possession, sale, purchase, transfer, or manufacture of powdered alcohol.
  • HB 15-1048 – Concerning Authority of the Commissioner of Insurance to Adopt Principle-Based Life Insurance Reserve Requirements for Life Insurance Policies, by Rep. Angela Williams and Sen. David Balmer. The bill enacts National Association of Insurance Commissioners model legislation that requires the insurance commissioner to adopt the NAIC Standard Valuation Model.
  • HB 15-1209 – Concerning the Highway Maintenance Division of the Department of Transportation, by Rep. Max Tyler and Sen. Ray Scott. The bill updates state law to reflect actual operations of the Department of Transportation, clarifies powers and duties of CDOT’s executive director and chief engineer, and clarifies that annual reports will be filed with the highway maintenance division.
  • HB 15-1150 – Concerning Annual Tier 2 Transfers from the Severance Tax Operational Fund to an Existing Special Account in the General Fund Established by the Mined Land Reclamation Board for the Purpose of Funding Reclamation of Lands that were Obligated to be Reclaimed Under Permits Upon Which Financial Warranties Have Been Forfeited, by Rep. Bob Rankin and Sen. Kevin Grantham. The bill provides funding for the Division of Reclamation, Mining, and Safety to conduct reclamation projects at mine sites with insufficient or failed bonds.
  • SB 15-128 – Concerning Reports to Law Enforcement by Medical Facilities with the Consent of a Victim of Sexual Assault, by Sen. Morgan Carroll and Reps. Lois Landgraf and Dianne Primavera. The bill adds nurses to the list of medical personnel required to report sexual assaults to law enforcement. The bill also clarifies the types of reports required and allows a victim to speak anonymously to law enforcement.

For a complete list of Governor Hickenlooper’s 2015 legislative decisions, click here.

Tenth Circuit: Two Incidents of Producing Child Pornography Satisfy “Pattern of Activity” Requirement for Sentence Enhancement

The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued its opinion in United States v. Evans on Thursday, April 2, 2015. The Tenth Circuit originally issued its opinion in Evans on March 3, 2015, as an unpublished opinion, but granted Evans’ petition to publish.

In 2012, authorities found 4,800 images of child pornography in Jesse Evans’ possession, at least 100 of which depicted his own minor daughters and his minor niece. He eventually pled guilty to production of child pornography, and admitted in his plea that he had produced child pornography of two minor victims between January 2010 and November 25, 2011. Over Evans’ objection, the district court applied a five-point sentence enhancement pursuant to Guidelines § 4B1.5(b), specifically finding that Evans had produced child pornography on November 5, 2011 and November 25, 2011, satisfying the “pattern of activity” element of 4B1.5(b). Evans’ Guidelines range was 360 months, and the judge varied downward and sentenced him to 252 months.

Evans appealed, arguing § 4B1.5(b) does not apply to him because the “pattern of activity” requirement was not met, and also the district court erred because the government did not request the sentence enhancement so it should not have been applied in the interest of fairness. The Tenth Circuit first found that Evans had preserved his objection at the sentencing hearing, then evaluated the language of the application notes to § 4B1.5(b), finding Evans’ conduct clearly satisfied the criteria for a “pattern of activity.” The Tenth Circuit similarly rejected Evans’ argument that the district court should not have applied the sentence enhancement in the interest of fairness, noting the court was not bound by Evans’ plea agreement.

The Tenth Circuit affirmed Evans’ sentence, and granted his motion to permanently seal Attachment B to the government’s opening brief.

Tenth Circuit: Unpublished Opinions, 4/2/2015

On Thursday, April 2, 2015, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals issued one published opinion and four unpublished opinions.

United States v. Rezendes

Duncan v. Colvin

McCain v. McCollum

United States v. Cazares-Quezada

Case summaries are not provided for unpublished opinions. However, published opinions are summarized and provided by Legal Connection.