January 22, 2019

Colorado Supreme Court: Late Filing Not Allowed Under Excusable Neglect Because Claim Not Meritorious

The Colorado Supreme Court issued its opinion in Sebastian v. Douglas County on Monday, February 29, 2016.

Hearing and Determination—Pleading—Civil Procedure.

In his action under 42 USC § 1983, plaintiff alleged that his Fourth Amendment rights were violated when he was bitten by a K-9 police dog. His claim was dismissed after he failed to respond to a motion to dismiss. Thereafter, he filed a motion to set aside the judgment under CRCP 60(b)(1), asserting that his failure to respond was caused by excusable neglect. The trial court denied the Rule 60(b)(1) motion, and the court of appeals affirmed, concluding that plaintiff failed to demonstrate that he had alleged a meritorious claim or defense, the second factor to be considered under Rule 60(b)(1). The court of appeals reasoned that plaintiff failed to allege an intentional seizure by the government as required under Brower v. County of Inyo, 489 U.S. 593, 596 (1989). More specifically, the court of appeals reasoned that an intentional seizure occurs when an officer releases a K-9 into a particular “space” and the plaintiff is bitten within that space.

The Supreme Court affirmed, but on narrower grounds. The Court rejected the court’s “space” analysis and instead found that the allegation regarding an intentional seizure in plaintiff’s complaint amounts to a legal conclusion, which is insufficient to allege a meritorious claim under Rule 60(b)(1).

Summary and full case available here, courtesy of The Colorado Lawyer.

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