June 26, 2019

Colorado Court of Appeals: 32-Year Habitual Offender Sentence Does Not Raise Inference of Gross Disproportionalilty

The Colorado Court of Appeals issued its opinion in People v. Loris on Thursday, July 26, 2018.

Criminal Law—Possession—Intent to Distribute—Controlled Substance—Manslaughter—Habitual Criminal Statute—Sentencing—Drug Felonies—Gross Disproportionality.

Defendant sold methamphetamine to three individuals. As part of the deal, she agreed to accept a handgun for the drugs. After the parties had been drinking and smoking methamphetamine, defendant handled the gun and it went off. The bullet struck the victim in the head, killing him. Defendant pleaded guilty to possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance, manslaughter, and four habitual criminal counts. The four habitual criminal counts were based on prior state felony convictions. Applying the habitual criminal sentence multiplier, the district court sentenced defendant to concurrent sentences of 32 years for possession with intent to distribute and 24 years for manslaughter.

On appeal, defendant contended that her 32-year sentence raises an inference of gross disproportionality and therefore requires a remand for an extended proportionality review. Here, defendant’s triggering offense of possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance was per se grave or serious. Defendant’s underlying conviction for conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance is also a per se grave or serious offense. The gravity of defendant’s offenses as a whole compared to the severity of her 32-year habitual criminal sentence does not merit a remand for an extended proportionality review. Defendant’s 32-year sentence does not raise an inference of gross disproportionality.

Defendant also contended that the district court lacked authority under the habitual criminal statute to sentence her to a 32-year sentence for a level 2 drug felony. The sentence multiplier of the habitual criminal statute applies to convictions “for any felony.” The district court had authority to sentence defendant to a term of 32 years under the habitual criminal statute.

The sentence was affirmed.

Summary provided courtesy of Colorado Lawyer.

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